Firstly, I need to provide a disclaimer. This is a complex subject and I can only provide a very one sided perspective as an urban male and as an Indian. I am completely open to reevaluation of my arguments and my views when more facts/studies emerge or when counter arguments are provided. These are based on my general reading of the subject and mere observations of our surroundings and no scientific studies/citations can/will be provided.
Crime against women has to be distinguished into petty crimes (eve teasing, ogling etc), major crimes such as rape, rape + murder and gender bias (typically at workplace). Gender discrimination in society, whether at workplace or outside is a hangover from our treatment of women during the medieval times where women were seen as second class citizens and were always considered inferior to men. This discrimination exists in all societies and countries. This will not be addressed since there are enough legal remedies and the discrimination is fading by the day and most importantly, do not affect the livelihood of women as such. Ascertaining reasons for the first two crimes is a difficult task, but the most glaring ones are hard to miss.
Law & Order
The reason is simple, criminals get away ! Even death penalty does not deter them simply because they feel extremely confident in not getting caught, thanks to the excessive number of crimes that goes unreported. Even if they do, they can hope for lengthy trials, shoddy police work and the amnesia of our society. Cops on the other hand seem to be mere servants of the ministers they report to. There is no encouragement to report rapes or eve teasing and there is a regressive mindset that has set in which completely lacks sensitivity and this puts off the victims and their families leading to their silent grieving.
Unlike the West, majority of Indians have a template about how their lives go. We are all taught what is right and wrong at our homes. Dating is looked down upon and more important activities like education and/or work are expected to come at the top of one’s priorities. Sex ed is mostly “obtained” from the internet, magazines, hearsay and this is not to be translated into sexual experiences before marriage. When someone is ‘settled’, a bride or a groom is found by the families and everyone gets married in their 20s and are expected to happily live ever after. Things however may not go as per plan. In a country where prostitution is illegal, I would really not discard the possibility that lot of sexually frustrated folks out there who are not scared of law, facing lots of socio-economic pressures in life like everyone else to take the dastardly step of committing a crime to satisfy their own libido.
Channeling and remedy